Plant of the Week
New Gold Lantana
Latin: Lantana camara 'New Gold'
Finding bedding plants that bloom from April through June is easy, but
gardeners fancying annual flowers that actually prefer Arkansas weather in July
and August is a bit harder.
Lantana is one of those maverick plants that actually does best when it gets so
hot and miserable outside that all but the most dedicated gardeners call a two
month hiatus to await more hospitable conditions. New Gold, a compact,
free-flowering lantana with golden-yellow blooms, will bloom its heart out as we
enrich the electric company.
New Gold is a 2000 Arkansas Select plant that was chosen by a coalition of
individuals from the University of Arkansas Horticulture Department, the
Cooperative Extension Service and the Arkansas Nurseryman’s Association.
Criteria for designation as an Arkansas Select plant are simple; it must perform
well in all parts of the state and it must be fairly easy to find in the
landscape trade. Most Arkansas nurseries and greenhouses will have New Gold this
New Gold Lantana is a semi-hardy perennial that is best treated as an annual in
the garden. It grows 1 foot tall and 2 feet wide and is covered with
yellow-gold, 2-inch clusters of blooms which are produced above the foliage.
Lantanas bloom in a dense head with individual florets tubular, with four or
Some lantana selections produce clusters of black berries which are considered
poisonous, but New Gold is almost completely fruitless. The poisonous properties
are considered of importance to ranchers because in subtropical areas of
Florida, Texas and Hawaii lantana has escaped into pasture lands. No reports of
human death have ever been attributed to lantana berries.
The genus lantana consists of over 150 species, mostly of tropical parts of the
Americas from which this species originates. It has long been cultivated as an
ornamental, but French breeders developed the modern forms in the color ranges
we know today at the close of the 19th century. New Gold is of more recent
vintage, with it being one of the 40 to 50 cultivars of this plant that are in
the trade. Allan Armitage, the garden plant guru from the University of Georgia,
was the first to highlight the merits of New Gold around 1995.
While lantanas will sometimes overwinter, especially when sited next to the
house in a well drained soil, it is easier to think of them as an annual and
replace them each season. The old plants can be dug in the fall as frost
approaches and plants overwintered in a sunny window or greenhouse. New cuttings
should be taken from these plants in February for late April planting.
New Gold Lantana should be used en masse in the garden in sunny beds large
enough to have an impact on you and the butterflies that frequent it. In flower
beds, it should be spaced 16 to 18 inches apart in any reasonable garden soil.
Lantanas love the heat, so plant them when you plant caladiums, not cool soil
tolerant plants such as petunia and snapdragon. For gardeners wishing to spice
up the planting, consider placing a few Blue Bedder salvia in the midst of the
low growing New Gold for some color contrast and vertical accents.
Lantana blooms are self cleaning, so once planted little work is required,
except for the occasional watering during extreme droughts. Whiteflies are the
only serious pest, and they don’t especially like July and August either, so
lantanas usually outgrow most early season outbreaks.
By: Gerald Klingaman, retired
Extension News -
May 12, 2000
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